Public policy is a guide to the actions taken by the administrative entities like the government and the various branches of the state. It takes care that one is abiding by the existing state laws and rules, thus ensuring that the citizens live in the right conditions.
Public policy also makes sure that individual rights and freedoms are protected and are not abridged. It is a movement that requires proper use of evidence that helps guide major policy decisions. Evidence demanded by public policies is based on high-quality scientific ones. There is no occasion for basing one's traditional beliefs, intuitions, or religious and political ideologies while making policy decisions.
International Public Policy is a field of study that helps students to understand, participate and prosper in public policy processes. The international public policy enables students to identify, access and practice the tools and methodologies of effective policy-making.
One can gain insights into a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, including development, economics, security, energy, technology, environmental and political. It also focuses on various approaches like analytical, theoretical and methodological.
Many universities offering courses in International Public Policy degree allows pursuers to get hands-on experience by applying several approaches and theories themselves. Students will be able to carry out and participate in a variety of real-life critical policy cases.
It is to be understood that a public policy obeyed by one country may not always be the same as that of another country. Different states have different policy standards, pertaining to their kind of interpretations and approaches towards various facets and issues, both at the national and international levels.
Having a degree in International Public Policy enables students to bridge the gap between domestic and international dynamics with the help of interdisciplinary approaches. They can also engage in a variety of important topics and policy-making processes.
Students pursuing this course will be capable of the approaches required to be applied in policy formulations, their evaluation and implementation at the international levels. With particular emphasis on foreign language proficiency offered by some universities, they can acquire excellent analytical and communion skills.
Studying International Public Policies also takes care that the students can get to familiarise themselves with the significant international policies, both the traditional ones as well as those which are prevalent at the current time. They would get to learn and analyse various areas and issues like health, development, trade, environment, labour and education.
It is also essential to know about the methodologies applied by actors at the state and global levels to shape international public policy. It is also crucial for students to analyse how different domestic policies of the states are affecting public policies at the International levels and vice versa.
Through research work, group discussions, practical application of public policy approaches, pursuing a degree in international public policy enhances various personal skills of the candidates, including analytical skills, writing skills, communication skills, interpersonal skills and research skills.
Students also get mastery in the approaches and ways through which they can apply to various issues in real-life. Graduates can also choose from a variety of career options, ranging from governmental and non-government, non-profit organisations to international and private sectors as well. The course would assist them in planning, examination, analysis and implementation of various development programmes.
While the domestic public policies affect or apply to the inhabitants and are limited to the internal affairs within the state itself. An international public policy, on the other hand, deals with external relations and focuses on interlinking policies between two or more countries, thereby striving to build networks and strengthen connections with other nations.
With globalisation, though, the difference between International and domestic public policies have somewhat been blurred out. However, students need to learn about the distinction between the two and realise the various components associated with each. They must also be aware of the essential dynamics that connect them together.
Since most of the critical public policies are quite complicated and intertwined, it is improbable for a single approach or methodology to produce an effective and fruitful results. Therefore, an interdisciplinary perspective is necessary to understand, identify and examine various public policy issues and to develop practical and logical answers to each of them.
There is another branch of public policy, known as Transnational public policy. As per the view of the commentators, a transnational policy has the characteristics of a 'truly international' policy. A transnational public policy basically refers to the policies that transcend various state boundaries, rather than being limited to only a single state.
It is believed the scopes of a transnational public policy are even more restricted than international public policy. A transactional perspective could also widen the approaches of the court to the international public policies of the state. It, therefore, focuses on looking at various aspects of the state through a much broader lens as per the trends and approaches followed by other nations, rather than limiting one's perspectives only to the strategies of one's own country.
Today, even though there are certain national rules which govern how foreign policies would be enforced, yet the trend has been inclined towards a more international and transnational approach of the application of the public administrations. Courts have used the three major strategies of domestic, international and transnational interpretations while analysing and implementing public policies.
Moreover, no public policy would remain static for years; it is dynamic in nature, and it continues to evolve with each new day along with the changing lifestyle patterns and individual needs.
If you are looking for a job in international public policy, you might consider choosing from among the following scopes and options:
- Policy Analyst
- Policy Staff Advisor
- Foreign Service Officer
- Foreign Correspondent
- Teacher or Professor
- Foreign Affairs Specialist
- International Governmental or NGO Coordinator
- Human Rights Officer
With such diverse scopes and employment options associated with a career in international public policy, you can explore their skills and talents in a field of your choice. All the above options are quite promising and are among the high-paid jobs in your country or even abroad. Choose your career option wisely and live your dreams.
Feb 06, 2020