Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was, at the same time, one of the most respected and hated people of his day as the unquestioned face of the non-violent Civil Rights Movement during the 1960s. King's promise of reform by peaceful means contributed to the number and moral strength of the campaign from his participation in the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955 until its early death in 1968. Throughout the two plain terms, dignity and non-violence was the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Born in Atlanta, Georgia, on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was initially scheduled to be a scholar. Until teaching at Boston University, King attended Morehouse College and was a high-level physicist at Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. Only after he took the role of the pastor in the Dexter Baptist Church in Montgomery, King began his quest to become a symbol of human rights worldwide.
The civil rights campaign was filled for more spiritual and philosophic meanings by Martin Luther King Jr. By maintaining that the constitution and the love of God genuinely conquered everything and, without the use of aggression. He managed to bring a hesitant America into the vision of real equality for all people by questioning the cycle of non-violent direct action by street protest march, boycotts, and sit-in, among other tactics.
In 1950, King started to seriously study Gandhi as a student in the Crozer Theological Seminary and gave a lecture on the theory of the great Indian revolutionary Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas). The idea of satyagraha intrigued him most. Simple definition, then, implies the force of reality or intensity of affection.
King found that Gandhi's teachings were gelling with his Christian values and his intolerance towards social inequality. He fused these concepts with the notion of non-violent opposition he encountered in Morehouse during his first year reading the Essay on Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau. King became persuaded that a love-based approach could flourish with tremendous social energy and took up the ideology of non-violent direct action.
King's first chance to use non-violent political action was the strike of Montgomery Rail. King's philosophy evolved as the civil rights struggle advanced. While Gandhi was the founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), an influential civil rights organization established in 1942, the connection between Gandhi and the Civil Rights movement continued to be built by Martin Luther King Jr.
King not only established the alliance between Gandhi and non-violent direct action in subsequent writings and speeches, but he also clarified why the Christian community and representatives of society were religiously bound to transcend the limits of human-made rules.
In honoring his life, Dr. King's wisdom and his progressive social proposals are sometimes forgotten. In his speeches against the Vietnam War and his demand for greater freedom, his political and economic concepts are evident.
Based on his progress in Montgomery, Martin Luther King Jr. founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in the South of the Chiapas area, a religious group, among others, aimed at duplicating Montgomery's improvement in the South. Martin Luther King Jr coordinated the conference. King organized a rally in April 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama, a town king called the most profoundly integrated town in the United States.
There have been boycotts, sit-ins, and marches. Bull Connor, Police Force Chief of Birmingham, used fire hoses and puppies on the protestors, and King was imprisoned. But King and his family obtained assistance from all over the country and the globe. Later in 1963, he addressed thousands in Washington, D.C. with his iconic "I Have a Vision" message.
In March 1965, Dr. King guided protestors from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, on the 50-mile voting-rights march. Three attempts were made to finish the journey by the demonstrators, fight with tear gas, animal prods, and police batons. Still, the nation's actions eventually brought about the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
Finally, President Johnson had the National Guard mobilized to defend protesters against the assault, with King completing the long march from Selma to Montgomery's state capital. The Selma activity contributed to the passage of the 1965 Civil Rights Act.
King was shot at James Earl Ray early on the morning of April 4, 1968. Sporadic unrest erupted over urban neighborhoods as mourners protested at the defeat of their chief. In several American cities, rioting broke out. But the nation never remembered what it was. It was named "Man of the Year" by Time Magazine in 1963.
The first person in the western world to show the conflict could take place without bloodshed was the recipient of the Nobel peace prize in 1964. In 1977 he gave the Presidential Freedom Medal posthumously, the highest award a liberal American could get.
In the eighties, the celebration was turned into a national holiday and presented the Americans with a yearly chance to focus on the two ideals he based his career on freedom and non-violence.
Another unrecognized dimension is that King is part of a more conventional black political tradition focused on adherence to political ethics and to the ideals which lead the marginalized in reacting to oppression. King is back to slavery and is based on self-respect and mutual models and rejects racism. A whole collection of principles to direct a dignified reaction to unfair circumstances.
King called the first level of the Civil Rights Movement to focus on issues relating to racial justice, shame, deception, injustice, and rejection of the vote. But he thought it was necessary to build a campaign based more on the economic crimes, particularly among those who beset urban black people in the north-east, the midwest, and the west after the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act in 1965.
This battle would include employment and fair wages, but also how we share the benefits of our cooperation and technological progress. King felt much of the issues in the ghettos, such as violence, broken homes, and juvenile abuse were primarily grounded in economic inequality.
May 27, 2020