What is Max Weber's contribution to sociology?

Max Weber

One of the preeminent intellectuals of sociology, Karl Emil Maximilian Weber, died at the age of 56. Even though his life was brief, he has had a long and prosperous impact. Weber wrote a lot of essays and books throughout his career. Together with Karl Marx, Emilie Durkheim, Dubois and Harriet Martineau, he is one of the pioneers of sociology and respected for his contribution. His analysis creates a link between society and the economy; his main contributions to sociology are how persons and institutions are created and how they are kept authoritative. He also demonstrated the "iron cage" of bureaucracy and how it forms our lives. 

The Iron Cage is still relevant today

A cage mouse represents the iron cage of bureaucracy term by Max Weber. The iron cage idea of Max Weber is always more important than he had written about it for the first time in 1905. In other words, Weber points out that the technological and economic ties which developed and arose from capital accumulation themselves emerged vital forces in society. Therefore, you cannot help but exist in this environment if you move into a world structured like this, split between employment and a hierarchical social framework. Therefore, one's culture and perception are influenced so far that one could not even picture how another way of life feels. All raised in the cage then execute their diktats and thus consistently replicate the cage. Weber, therefore, treated the iron cage as a significant impediment to democracy.

His thoughts about the social class

A guard with the velvet-clothed entry is the emblem of Max Weber's social class idea and trend of sociology. Sociologists today credit Max Weber for emphasizing that one's impact on other people is more than just how much wealth one has. He claimed that the degree of status correlated with education and employment and the associations of political groups work together to create a social hierarchy in proportion to income. Throughout his dissertation called Economy and State, the reflections of Weber on authority and social inequality contributed to the confusing conceptions of the socioeconomic factors and gender.

Protestant principles and the bourgeois mentality

In 1905, the "Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism" was released in Germany. It has been a pillar of socio-studies since 1930 when the American social scientist, Talcott Parsons first translated it into English. The document is noteworthy for how Weber combined economic sociology with his moral sociology and, as such, for the interrelationship between the cultural sphere of ideals, convictions and the financial system of society.

Weber asserts that capitalism has established into the critical stage in the West because Protestantism has promoted a willingness to work as a voice from God. to work which enabled one to make much money. It, in tandem with the philosophy of asceticism, an everyday life on earth without lavish distractions, promoted a greedy nature. Instead, when religion's institutional power was diminishing, Weber proposed that capitalism was liberated from Christian tradition and evolved as an industrial development method.

The class divisions in society

When Weber's theories are discussed, the parallels and discrepancies in methods are apparent. Weber assumes or considers class as the business field. He explains one needs to establish one's market economy class and contend with one another if you're to reap economic benefits. To him, he describes a community or section of society holding the same jobs and thus receiving the same advantages in the market economy. Therefore, Weber's perception is that a person's class status is essentially his place in the business. Those of a similar class circumstance share joint-life opportunities that aren't very interested in the position, too, would directly impact on the likelihood that they can get what is perceived as attractive for their community.

Nonetheless, in Weber, the label condition among property fewer classes is significantly different in culture. The growing profession needs different skills and resources because different market standards exist and different occupations have. In a capitalist system, for example, skilled banks, architects, and executives are earning comparatively high pay as they offer various services which need many skills. Weber explains how social classes are created in a capitalist society: 

- The wealthy upper class.

- White-collar employees without land.

- The small upper class.

- The labour class.

 It is necessary to understand the importance of other elements compared with possession or other non-ownership to formulate classes more effectively. The market interest of these qualified workers is particular and results in economic profit disparities, which then play an essential role in the development of different social classes. 

Furthermore, Weber also observed that the division of groups could not be endorsed or supported. Although he sees a weakening of the working bourgeoisie, the local landlords contend that they join white-collar or professional handicrafts rather than discouraged into the ranks of unskilled manual labour because of the large companies' complexities. One of the crucial things that he states is that the white-coloured middle class is growing as capitalism. He claims that a large number of governments which have sound bureaucratic governance are needed to operate within the culture of the modern state and capitalistic corporations.

Weber denies Marxist's belief that the communist transition is imminent. He argues there is no reason for supporting the same universal dream, which implies that the similar interests, shared identity and collective behaviour of those involved in them are not understood. Weber completely disagrees with Marxian's perception that political powers do not produce economic power. Weber claims that divisions of the class are not caused by unequal power accumulation in society.

Weber said after his study that no hypothesis would describe and demonstrate their interactions in social categories, classes and parties alone. Forming a social group is a dynamic and diverse mechanism involving coordination between various elements, including gender, party and rank. Therefore, everybody must be adequately looked after in society, for a particular duration. Weber then states that the data shows an image which in social layering is more dynamic and diversified.

Max Weber's view on Poverty

Weber claims that the class status of a person is decided by the influence of the competition in its favour, and the benefits its skills and experience can be obtained on a competitive market. Groups like the disabledMax Weber, chronically ill and single-parents have little market power and are therefore getting no benefits from this angle. Their situations primarily prevent them from trying to compete in the market.


1072 Words


Mar 16, 2020


3 Pages

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